First house in Vedic Astrology is also called lagna or ascendent. It is used to know about physical appearance, skin color, body constitution, personality and intelligence of the person. In simpler terms the First House in a horoscope is the mirror to the individual whose horoscope is shown. The important thing to know is only a summary is possible through First House. The whole picture requires lots of careful study of various factors including Moon Ascendant, Sun Ascendant, nakshatra lords of ascendant and Moon and last by not least the Lagnesha which is lord of First House.
First House is part of Vishnu Sthanas as well as trine called Laxmi Sthanas. The physical attributes and complexion of individuals can be known using astrological sign of ascendant, lagnesha and also the nakshatra lords of lagna and lagnesha. The emotional characteristics of individual can be more accurately predicted using ascendant, lagnesha and Moon's placement in horoscope and nakshatra lord of Moon. Health concerns are better observed using Sun's placement in horoscope. First House and lagnesha are also important factors to be considered to view health. Emotional picture of individual is better estimated from Moon Ascendant. Same way Sun Ascendant is used to decipher the spirituality and health of native.
Each ascendant/first house has a planetary lord which is known as lagnesha. The placement of lagnesha is also very important to be considered when talking about charecteristics, health, emotions and physical attributes. A troubled placement of lagnesha suggests a troubled individual while a favourable placement of lagnesha suggests success and happiness for individual. Whatever the result one could find his true self through First House and Lagnesha. The charecteristics of astrological sign are also absorbed by First House. Say Cancer Sign in First House at time of birth suggest a kind and caring person. His/Her complexion is generally fairer compared to those around him/her.
If you ever find the need to discover youself using astrology then first house is a nice place to start. It provides a brief overview of you as a person. If you carefully study First House including Moon Ascendant, Sun Ascendant, nakshatra lord of Ascendant and Lagnesha as well as astrological sign in First House you could solve the big jigsaw puzzle that is your characture and nature. While it may seem stupid to most it actually benefits as most of us are not aware of our assets and shortcomings.
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